Eettupula is the period prescribed to observe post delivery
pollution. It is also known as Valayma. Each community
observes this custom for a period varying from seven to forty
muscial concert on Ekadashy day
is the eleventh day after a full moon or a new moon day. Hindus
observed the day with religious rituals and they observe vrutha
(penance) on the day (thidhi) with a view to attain
salvation after death. Five types of ‘ekadashy’
are there. Shayanaikadashy: The ekadashy that
comes in the full moon period of the month Karkidakom
(July-August). It is believed that during this period Lord Vishnu
begins his four month long sleep. Udhanaikadashy: The
suklapaksha edkadashy during the month of Karthika
when the deep sleep of Lord Vishnu ends. Parivarthana ekadashy:
The suklapaksha ekadashy of the month of Proshtapada.
Swargavathil Ekadashy: The swargavathil ekadashy
is in the month of Dhanu. Lord Sri Krishna recited
Bhagavat Gita to Arjuna on that day. Besides this, the Guruvayur
Ekadashy (suklapaksha of Vrichikom), Tripayar
Ekadashy, Thiruvillwamala Ekadashy (in Kumbhom (February-March)),
Kadavallur Ekadashy and Nelluvay Ekadashy are also important.
Among these, Guruvayur Ekadashy is most important.
This is a form of punishment. Touching the left ear with
the right arm and the right ear with the left arm one has to
bend himself and then stand erect. The elbow has to touch the
ground. This has to be repeated several times. This
was the main type of punishment in schools in olden times. In
temples, devotees themselves do this practice to forgive their
is a function of welcoming nobles and dignitaries by advancing
forward. At the time of marriage, bridegroom will be welcomed
so in the bride’s residence and bride in the bridegroom’s residence.
This will be accompanied by kurava, ashtamangalyam and deepam.
function organised by women on the day before Thiruvathira
in the month Dhanu (December-January). The tubers will
be roasted and added with coconut, banana and cowpea and offered
to Lord Siva and Parvathy.
is the travel path of Shani (Saturn) at the time of birth
of an individual from the place of the moon to its second and
twelfth place. This lasts for seven and half years. According
to astrologers this period will bring bad results. In
general the Saturn period is considered to be very bad.
If it is ezharashani, it will be still worse.
temple procession conducted on festival days with the
idol of the God usually on the top of an elephant. In
traditional temples musical instruments will also be
played on this occasion by accompanying men.
is the practice of initiating a child for the first
time to writing and reading. On the Vijayadashami
day it is widely practiced and on other days it is done
only after deciding the auspicious time and place.
It is commonly performed in Saraswathy temples, Thirur
Thunchan Parambu, Chitoor Thunchan Mutt etc. Some
do the function in their home itself. This function
is also done at Sreemookambila Temple at Kollur (Karnataka),
Panachikkad Saraswathy temple near Kottayam, Chottanikkara
temple at Ernakulam and Thiruvullakkavu Sastha temple
at Thrissur. (Also see Aksharapooja).