MANNAM – A REVOLUTIONIST

Mannam was one of the famous revolutionaries that Kerala has seen. He was one of the greatest organizers we have ever seen. He was also a teacher, an advocate, an orator and a stage artist.  He was the life, soul, spirit and moving force behind the Nair Service Society.

Undoubtedly, the secret behind the success of NSS was the selfless service and relentless efforts of Mannathu Padmanabhan.  He utilized his abilities, cultural heritage, organizing expertise and artistic talents for the welfare of the country and his community

Through his life he proved that educational status and degrees are not the criteria for fame.  His strong and unchanging belief in the ideology left the rules in dismay. He made the public service as an unending duty of his life. The orations of Mannam in removing untouchability, in the struggle for temple entry, in the up lift of Harijans, in protecting the rights of the community, in rallying the soldiers in independence struggle, and in the struggle to dismiss the first Communist Government in Kerala were historical events.

Seventy years ago, Mannam gave food a Harijan with him in his house.  This was indeed a revolutionary act at that time when Harijans were not permitted to enter into a household of an upper caste.  Sri.C.Achutha Menon, former Communist Chief Minister of Kerala had remarked that even his party men would hesitate to do such a thing as Mannam did at that period.

Mannam was in the forefront of the struggle to have the right of worship to all sections of Hindu community including lower caste.  He actively took part in the Vaikom Sathyagraha of 1924-25 and the Guruvayoor Sathyagraha of 1931. It was the ‘Savarna Jatha’ (a march of upper caste people) led by Mannam, which brought overwhelming public support to Vaikom Sathyagraha. It was taken out to convince the Government that upper castes were not against the temple entry by lower castes.

Mannam gave strong leadership to the independence struggle.  His entry in the field of independence struggle was like a whirlwind, which soon spread in all its vicinity.  With his entry his followers and co-workers flowed to the fold of Congress party.  Congress declared a non-compromise struggle against Sir.C.P.Ramaswamy Iyer, the then Dewan of Travancore, only because of strong and adamant attitude of Mannam. He vowed to “do or die” in the struggle against Sir.C.P.

Mannam’s special interest was in the field of creative social work rather than political.  When Nair Regulation Act was enacted in legislature during 1100 (ME), it was subjected to wide spread opposition.  Mannam was in forefront to gain public support to the bill. People belonging to ‘Illom’, ‘Swaroopam’, ‘Idassery’, ‘Chakkala’ are all sub-castes of Nairs, but there were so many disparities among these sub-castes.  Mannam worked hard to bridge these disparities and to unite them under one banner.

The educational institutions established by Mannam will tell stories of a number of sacrifices.  They are the results of determined and incessant efforts made by Mannam. The relentless efforts made by Mannam to form and maintain the NSS establishments, which are now standing in prestigious heights throughout the State, are indeed indescribable.  Sardar K.M.Panicker has righteously remarked that Mannam is the Madanamohana Malavya of Kerala.  The only difference is that Malavya’s Kasi Vidyapeeth was made a reality by the Rajah of Kashi, Rajaputhra Rajahs and Birla, whereas Kerala Malavya was helped by the poverty stricken Nairs of Kerala.

The life of Mannam was very simple and without splendour.  He maintained simplicity even in dressing.  We can see a selfless sacrificing Gandhian in him.  His life is a synonym of service.  Never did he withdraw from any efforts or work intended for the welfare or progress of the society.

Mannam, though never stepped into any college, became the founder of many colleges.  Though he had no means for his own livelihood, he became the owner of many institutions where lakhs were spent on salaries and allowances. Though he could not acquire even an inch of land of his own, he became the owner of estates extending over thousands of acres.  Though he was not a politician, he became the leader of struggles of political activism in Kerala.  In short, the history of Nair Service Society is the history of Mannam for the last 50 years, as remarked by Sri.K.Kelappan.



Important milestones in Mannath Padmanabhan's life

Sri Mannathu Padmanabhan Born

02-01-1878

First Job [Govt  School, Kanjirapally

1893

Karayogam building foundation laying

1907

Changanachery Thaluk Nair Samajam formation

09-10-1913

Nair Bhruthyajana Sangham formation

31-10-1914

Nair Bhruthyajana Sangham becomes NSS

11-07-1915

Mannam dedicates his life to NSS

25-08-1915

Marrage with Thottakkattu Madhavi Amma

15-05-1932

Shashtipoorthy

02-01-1937

NSS Silver Jubilee Celeberations

02-05-1940

First Samastha Nair Maha Sammelanam

1916

First NSS School [Karukachal] laid foundation

27-01-1916

Mannam becomes Sreemulam Prajasabha member

1921

Vaikam Sathyagraham

30-03-1924

Mannam Leads "Savarna Jatha"

01-10-1924

NSS Registration according to Indian Company Act 

30-07-1925

Registration of Karayogam Number 1

1929

Karuvatta Nair Maha Sammelanam

05-1929

Guruvayoor Sathyagraham

01-11-1929

NSS Head Office starts functioning in Perunna

07-05-1940

First Director board meeting

16-08-1942

Mannam Becomes NSS President

17-08-1945

Famous "Muthukulam Speech"

25-05-1947

Mannam arrested for "Indian Freedom movement”

14-06-1947

Mannam's Mother "Parvathy Amma" Passes away

14-11-1947

MG College Trivandrum foundation laying

22-08-1948

NSS College, Pandalam foundation laying

25-02-1949

NSS Hindu Collage, Perunna foundation laying

14-09-1949

Mannam Becomes the Devasvam Board President

01-08-49

Mannam rejects Cast name and renames as Padmanabhan

11-02-1950

Start of Vimochana Samaram

12-06-1959

Dismissal of Communist Ministry

31-07-1959

President of India awards "BHARATHA KESARI" to Mannam

09-08-1959

Sathabhishekam

19-12-1960

Mannam forms Kerala Congress

09-10-1964

NSS Golden Jubilee Celebration

27-12-1964

Perunna Medical Mission Hospital Inauguration

25-05-1964

Government Of India awards "Padmabhushan" to Mannam

26-01-1966

Thottakkattu Madhavi Amma (Wife) Passes away

18-10-1968

Mannam's last public function

30-05-1969

Mannam Passes away

25-02-1970

Funeral

27-02-1970



Mannam. KM Munshi,Panambilly

Mannam with Pandit Nehru and Indira Gandhi

Mannam and K.Kelappan

Mannam Mueseum


Mannam, Pattom Thanu Pillai, KPS Menon, G Ramachandran

MGR attending the funeral function


 
 
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