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Born in April 1914 at Payyannur.

Krishnan Nair is the most popular free-lance artiste in Kathakali. He learnt the rudimentary lessons of Kathakali under Guru Chandu Panickar. Vallathol brought him to Kalamandalam and gave rigorous training in Kathakali under the famous guru Pattikkaamthoti Ravunni Menon.   He presented almost all characters in Kathakali. He playaed a very vital role in popularising Kathakali in India and abroad. Apart from a lot of medals, veerasrighala, Krishnan Nair won Padmashree and Central Sangeetha Nataka Academy Award.

Krishanan Nair passed away on 15 August 1990.


Born in July 1918 at Kannur.

Sri.K.Karunakaran is known as a firebrand in Kerala politics.  He successfully overcomes many tough situations in politics and rose to the central leadership of the Congress party. He entered politics through Indian National Congress and became its National leader.His political activities started through INTUC at Thrissur and later he became the Secretary of INTUC. He was the Leader of Opposition in the Kerala Assembly during 1968 with a back up of 9 M.L.As. He rose like phoenix and became Chief Minister of Kerala in 1977, 1981, 1982 and 1991. He was also the Minister for Industries of the Government of India in 1995. It was his ardent efforts that helped the re-vitalisation of the Congress party in the state. In 2004 he elected as the member of Rajya Sasbha. Consequent on the serious differences of opinion with the state leadership of the Congress party and
Chief Minister of Kerala, Mr.Oommen Chandy, he resigned his membership from Parliament and Copngress party and formed Democratic Indiara Congress (Karunakaran) on 1st May 2005.


Born on 11 Kumbhom 1059 (ME) (1883 AD).

Kalyani Amma is the wife of Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai who was exiled from Travancore by the Maharajah of Travancore on account of his criticism against Diwan’s corruption and illegal activities. She suffered a lot being the wife of a courageous journalist. She was a notable litterateur also. Her important works: Vyazhavatta Smaranakal, Karmaphalam, Mahathikal, Atmakatha.  She also translated a novel written by Rabindranatha Tagore.
She died on 28 Kanni 1135 (ME) (1959 AD)


Born on September 9, 1889.
Father: Karunakaran Nair. 
Mother: Kozhappally Kunjamma.

Kelappaji was a leader of the people in all respects.  He stood in the forefront of the national movement in India. He is known as Kerala Gandhi. He came to the scene through the Nair Service Society and the founder President of Nair Service Society. Later he was attracted to the national movement and became part and parcel of the movement.  He was KPCC President and AICC member.  He was also served as the editor of Mathrubhoomi daily. He was elected as Malabar District Board President in 1938. He experienced severe sufferings for the uplift of the harijans who were made slaves for centrueis. He gave leadership to the Vaikom and Guruvayoor Sathyagraha for temple entry of all classes of people.  He also established a Rural Institute at Tavanur, Malappuram District (now Kelappaji College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology under Kerala Agricultural University) and Gandhi Home at Kozhikode.The eventful life of Kelappaji was a great source of information to understand the socio-political developments of the state.

He died on October 6, 1971.


Born on 20 July 1904.
P. Kesava Pillai, better known by his pen-name P. Kesavadev. Kesavadev was a veteran novelist and playwright. He was always a rebel. He accepted intellectual rowdism as his ideology. He is known as leader of anti-establishment movement in literature and gave shape to a new culture in literature. He served as a Producer in the All India Radio. He wrote a number of novels, short stories, dramas etc. He won several awards including Central Sahitya Academy and State Sahithya Academy.   Important works: Odayil Ninnu, Ayalkar, Kannadi.

He died on 1 July 1983)


Born on 1 Septemner 1886.
Father: Bheeman Achan. 

Mother: Meenakshy Nethyar of Palakkad Swaroopam.

K.P.Kesava Menon was one of the famous leaders that Kerala has ever seen.  He was an idealist who was true to his words and deeds.  Persons like him were very rare in the country.  He started practice as an advocate in Kozhikode after his studies in England. He actively participated in National Movement. He led Vaikom Sathyagraha and Guruvayoor Sathyagraha against untouchable and for temple entry to lower caste. He was appointed as the High Commissioner in Ceylone (now Sri Lanka) but resigned due to differences of opinion on certain policy matters with the Prime Minister Nehru. He is the founder and was the Chief Editor of Mathrubhumi, the national daily in Malayalam.  He wrote a dozen of books. His collections of essays titled Naam Munnoottu and his autobiography Kazhinja Kaalam are prominent among them. 

He died in 1978.


Born in 1953 at Palakkad.
Father: Kiranghat Padmanabhan Nair
Mother: Puthaveetil Janaki Amma.
P.K.Nair is the General Manager of Al Hugayet group in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He belongs to famous Kiranghat family of Mundoor, Palakkad, Kerala. After earning his degree in Business Administration, he went for Saudi Arabia and has been there since 1981. He is the main source of strength for the progress and prosperity of the Al Hugayet business group He is the brother of P.Unnikrishnan, former Director (Administration) of Babha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay. He is an ardent believer in God and contributes liberally to many temples of Kerala and used to visit the temples in and around his native place on his holidays every year. Girija Kesavan is his wife. Vinayak Kiranghat and Uthara Kiranghat are his children


Born on 3 February 1868.
Father: Raman Pillai. 
Mother: Lekshmy Amma.

Mahakavi Kesava Pillai ruled over the poetic kingdom even before the period of the poetic trio (Ulloor, Vallathol and Kumaranasan) in Kerala. Through his Kesaveeyam, he found an eternal place in the world of Malayalam poetry. He wrote many Attakatha (athakali poems/stories) and several poems. His literary works strongly influenced the next generation. His important works are Sadarama (drama), Kesaveeyem, Bhasha Narayaneeyam. His initials denote “Kanakku Chembakaraman”, an honorific title awarded by the Maharajah of Travancore. He died on 4 September 1913.


Born in 1870 (26 Vrichikam 1045-ME)
Father  : Chathukutty Panicker 
Mother : Kuttiparu Amma

T.K.Krishna Menon was an eminent historian.  It was he who translated ‘Kerala Charithram’ (History of Kerala) written by K.P.Padmanabha Menon to English. His important works are Progress of Cochin, Kerala Samskaram, Lekhamala, Bhasa Kavyaprakashika. He was the Member, Board of Studies of Madras University; Legislature Secretary; and Member Text Book Committee.He died on 9 May 1949.


Born on May 8,
1896 at Kozhikode. Father:Vengola Komath Krishna Kurup. 
Mother:Lekshmykutty Amma.

Sri.V.K.Krishna Menon was a famous diplomat who surpassed the rulers of the world.    He was a great orator with unequal eloquence. He roared like a lion in the UN Assembly on the vital issue of Kashmir. He was a brave son of Kerala who upheld the dignity of the nation among the world leaders. He was one of the greatest Defense Ministers India has ever seen. He was an advocate in England and member in the London Township Administration. He was also a staunch worker of Home Rule Movement and Theosophical Society. He actively participated in the national movement and gave leadership in the struggle for freedom. He became the secretary of India League in 1932. He was a close colleague of Pandit Jawarlal Nehru and Defense Minister in his cabinet. He was one of the founders of Penguin Books. He was also elected to Lok Sabha from Thiruvananthapuram in 1971. He passed away on 6 October 1975.


Born on 11 October 1911.
Father: Narayana Menon. 
Mother: Parukutty Amma.

Idappally (in Eranakulam district of Kerala) is the land, which gave birth to two musical wizards.  They are Changampuzha Krishna Pillai and Idappally Raghavan Pillai.  He was the editor of Mangalodayam magazine. Altogether Changampuzha wrote fifty-seven poems, many of them are dear even to the rural folk.  His most famous work Remanan is still popular. Remanan is a lament on the death of Edappalli. Changampuzha wrote Remanan at his age of 20 years. The poem is of the pastoral elegy type, characterized by beautiful and straight forward verses. Changampuzha was an emotional person.  This excessive emotionalism led him to alcoholic addiction and his health deteriorated, which ultimately claimed his life. Then he was only thirty-four.   Whatever be the changes that may happen to the Malayalam poetry, the poems of Changampuzha will shine as glittering stars in the literature sky. 
He died on 17 June 1948.


Born on 22 September 1916.
Father: Kakkattu Matom Kesavar. 
Mother: Parvathy Amma

Prof. N.Krishna Pillai was a prominent playwright who gave a new outlook to the Malayalam drama.  He is known as “Kerala Ibson”.  He excelled himself in various rolls as a critic, historian, actor and learned Professor.   Bhagnabhavanam, Anuranjanam, Kudathile vilakku, Prathipathram Bhashanabhedam are some of his important works. He won the award of Sangeetha Nataka Academy and Odakkuzhal award. 
He died on 10 July 1988.


Born in 1852 (ME 1027 Vrichikam).
Father:  Padamanabha Pillai. Mother: Lekshmy Amma.

C.Krishan Pillai was a reformist who toiled hard for the welfare of the Nair community.  From the very early childhood itself he plunged into the field of social work and continued his unending efforts till his last days.  His life was a sacrifice not only for the nair community but for the other communities also. It is a sad truth that his life and activities of this great man was not fully remembered by the next generation. He was a teacher and later appointed as Headmaster, Range Inspector for Schools and Special Officer for Grant-in-aid Schools.  It was his leadership that Nair Samajom was established in the year 1903. The Nair Samajom was later converted as Keraleeya Nair Samajom. It was he who paved the path for the reformation of nair community and nair organizations. 
He died in 1916 (ME 1091 Midhunam 25).


Born on 14 September 1894 at Kunnathur Taluk of Kollam.
Father: Pappu Pillai Mother: Karthyani Amma.

E.V.Krishna Pillai is an eminent satirist and an expert in the field of comedy.  He was a multitalented personality as an advocate, member of legislative assembly, editor and writer. He started career as a government servant.  He was the editor of Malayali and Malayala Manorama. He was member of Sree Moolam Assembly of Travancore. Important works: Seetha lekshmy, Iravikuttypilla, B.A.Mayavi, Maya Manushyan, Jeevitha Smaranakal, Chiriyum, chinthayum.

He died on 30 March 1938


Born in 1906 at Vaikom.
Father: Narayanan Nair. Mother: Parvathy Amma.

Comrade P.Krishna Pillai was the founder leader of communist movement in Kerala. It was he who for the first time put forward the slogan “Saghakkale Munnott” (Comrades, march forward) which became the lifeblood of the leftist movement in Kerala. He participated in freedom struggle as a volunteer of Congress. Later he became He was the labour union leader in the coir sector of Alapuzha. He participated in Vaikom sathyagraha, Salt Sathyagraha etc. He had gone underground and continued party work in 1948 when the Government banned Communist party. A poisonous snake bit him and thereby he died on August 19, 1948.


Born on 9 February 1923.

Captain Krishan Nair is a far famed personality in the field of industry. He is the Chairman of the Leela Group Hotels and other multinational organizations. He is a freedom fighter also who actively participated in independence struggle. He served as a commissioned officer in the army for a short period. He resigned from army service and started handloom industry at Cannanore.  He also established a fibre foam-matting unit. Later he started business in collaboration with Oberoi Group of Hotels. Then he became a partner of Penta Group and established Leela-Penta Business Group. Now Leela Group of star hotels are the best ones of its kind in India and abroad.


Born on 3 March 1923.
Father:V.K.Madhavan Pillai

Prof.M.Krishnan Nair is a notable critic in Malayalam literature. His foray into criticism started with the publication of essay, ‘Criticism’. Many Malayalam writers experienced the sharp stiffness of his criticism.  They include Kuttikrishna Marar, Basheer, Sukumar Azheekode, Thakazhy, Dev etc. He brought immense popularity to literary criticism through his weekly column Sahithya Varabhalam, which is commonly familiar to the ordinary readers.  It is true that no other article excited the readers so much as that of Sahithya Varabhalam. He was a voracious reader. He pointed out quality literature published world over to the Malayalam readers. He expired on February 23, 2006. 


Born on 27 September 1900 at Haripad (Alappuzha Dist). 
Mother: Parvathy Pillai

Kainikkara is known as an honoured teachers, playwright, actor. He followed Gandhian principles throughout his life.  He led a clear and simple life. He won Odakkuzhal award and Puthezhan award. He died on 9 December 1988


Kunchan Nambiar was a great Malayalam poet-satirist in the court of Marthanda Varma. 

Kunchan Nambiar is the founder of Ottan Thullal art form. He was born at Killikkurrisimangalam in Malabar. Later, he went to Ambalapuzha and became court poet of Ambalapuzha Raja. It is believed that Kunchan Nambiar wrote his first Thullal katha while he was here. The Thullal songs, written in simple Malayalam with full of humour and wit became very popular. When Marthanda Varma of Travancore conquored Ambalapuzha,  Nambiar became the court poet of Travancore palace. Kunchan Nambiar who wrote Thullal poems and presented it in the stage. He wrote about 60 Thullal poems. All stories composed by Kunchan Nambiar are stuffed with humour, and social criticism.

Thullal has three divisions Seethankan, Ottan and Parayan. It is a solo performance. 

His birthday (Fifth of May) is celebrated as “Kunchan dinam”.



Mother: The late K.Lakshmi Amma
Father: Late P Raman Nambiar)

Mr.K.Kunhikrishnan is a writer and heralded television programming in Malayalam, as the first Director(1985) of the Trivandrum Doordarshan Kendra; he retired voluntarily from DD as Deputy Director General, after holding various positions. Born in Peralam village, near Payyanur, in Kannur district, he studied for post-graduation in Calicut University and was trained in television production and management in national and international institutions. He represented the country in various global television as he had the professional expertise in public service and commercial programming. He had bagged the Doordarshan Award for Excellence in work, for executing “Narrowcasting”. Mr. Kunhikrishnan is a writer of repute and has published nine books, including translations of Junichiro Tanizaki’s The Key (Thakkol), Desmond Morris’ The Naked Ape (Nagna Vaanaran), The Naked Woman (Nagna Naari) and two books on television. He has also published more than 500 articles in English and Malayalam. He recently chaired the Committee for restructuring the Information&Public Relations department of the Government of Kerala.





Born in 1881.

Dr.Kunhan Pillai was a selected personality in many field with profound knowledge and a stern mind. He acquired his Ph.D. in Chemistry and headed the Department of Agriculture. He attained top positions in the official hierarchy such as Revenue Commissioner, Chief Secretary and Acting Diwan. He was the President of Agriculture Section in the Indian Science Congress held in 1923.  He became the President of Nair Service Society in 1939. Died in November 1939.



Born on 15 January 1906 at Kanhangad in Kasargode District.
Father: Kunhambu Ezhuthachan. 
Mother: Kunhamma Amma.

Mahakavi P.Kunhiraman Nair began to write poems from his very early age of twelve years and continued till his last breath. His autobiography, Kaviyude Kalpadulal (foot prints of a poet) is quite different from other autobiographies and sweet as his poetries. He worshipped nature and traveled extensively. He is a poet who forgot to live amidst his unending journey in quest of nature and poems. He is loved by many and known as a devotional poet.  Devotion, natural beauty of Kerala, temples, deities, stories of epics, rituals and customs are resembled in his poetry    His important works are Sreerama Charitham, Bhadradeepam, Thamaramala, Pookkalam, Radholsavam, Vayalkkarayil, Thamarathoni, Kaliyachan, Pookalam, Narabali, Moothamoosariyodu etc. He won Kerala Sahithya Academy Award and Central Sahithya Academy Award. 
He died on May 27, 1978 at Thiruvananthapuram.


Born on 24 June 1911.
Father: Payikkatt Neelakanta Pillai
Mother: Karthyani Amma 

Sooranad Kunjan Pillai was a multi-lingual scholar, learned saint having command over so many languages. He contributed about 100 works in various field of literature, spiritual and physical life for more than half a century.  He was a member of Kendra Sahithya Academy and served as a member in the Indian Historical Records Commission representing Kerala. Meerut University conferred D.Lit on him. Government of India awarded Padmasree to him. 
He died in 1995.


Born in 1904.
Father: Krishna Kurup. 
Mother: Narayani Amma.

Elamkulam Kunjan Pillai set apart his life to enrich the field of historical research of Kerala. Through his tireless efforts the Malayalam language was greatly benefited. He was a renowned historical researcher who showed light to the dark era of history. He started his career as a College Lecturer and retired as Professor. His important works are Janmi Sambradayam Keralathil, Keralam Anchum Aarum Noottandukalil, Kerala Bhashayude Vikasa Parinamangal, Leela Thilakom (study), Unnuneeli Sandesam (study). He died in 1973.


Born in 1931.
Father: O.N.Krishna Kurup. 
Mother: Lekshmykutty Amma.

O.N.V. Kurup is a veteran lyrist, illustrious poet and eminent orator.  He published his first poem at his age of 14 years. On completion of his education, he was appointed as a Lecturer in Malayalam and retired as Professor in 1986. He won several awards including Sahithya Academy Award and Vayalar Award for his poetical works. He is an ardent follower of communist and socialist philosophy. His early poems reflect the political and social revolutionary ideas. He has written lyrics for more than 100 films apart from a good number of poems. Bhoomikkoru Charama Geetham, Uppu, Ujjayyani, Nalumanipookkal, Chooroonu are a very few to mention.


Born in 1880.
Father: Vandatt Udaya Varman Unnithiri. 
Mother was Kuttamath Devakiyamma.

Kuttamath Kunhirama Kurup was a great poet and veteran freedom fighter. Kuttamath was a teacher of Neeleswaram Rajas High school. He entered the freedom struggle as a follower of Kalappaji. He authored many musical dramas.  Devayani Charitham, Vidya Sankha, Dhwani Baala, Gopala Atbudha Paarana Harichandran,  Dhroova Madhavam Nachikethas,  Draupadi Keechakam , Rugmini Swayamvaram are some of them


Born in 1915 at Ponnani in Malappuram District.
Father: Vazhappally Karunakara Menon. 
Mother: Chalappurathu Parukutty Amma.

P.C.Kuttikrishnan, is known by the pen name Uroob. He was a celebrated novelist and won wide acclaim. He changed the outlook of the Malayalam literature with his magical words and superb ability.  He had a place in the minds of the ordinary people of Kerala. He was the editor of Mangalodayam, Kumkuman, Malayala Manorama Weekly. He won Sakthi award, Kerala and Kendra Sahithya Academy Awards. Important Works: Ummachu, Sundarikalum Sundaranmarum, Aniyara, Mindapennu. 
He died on 10 July 1979


Born on 23 April 1905.
Father: Govinda Menon. 
Mother: Ammu Amma.

Kuttimalu Amma was a lone adventuress who gave courageous leadership in Malabar area during the independence struggle. She had undergone several severe sufferings.  Her life enthralled the freedom fighters of those days. She became Member of Legislative Assembly. She was AICC member, Director, Mathrubhumi publications, President of Malabar Hindi Prachar Sabha. 
Died on 14 April 1985


Born in 1820.

Kuttykunju Thankacy was a notable poetess who enriched Malayalam through her valuable contributions in the field of Thiruvathira songs, ‘Kurathypattu’, ‘Unjalpattu’, bhajans etc. She was the daughter of famous poet Irayimman Thampi. Hre important works are Swargavathil Ekadashy, Ekadashy Mahatmyam, Gangasnanam, Anjathavasam, Naradamohanam, Seetha Swayamvaram, Kiratham, Nalacharitham.
She died in 1914.
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