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Born on 15th July 1934.
Father: P. Sankara Panicker
Mother: M. Madhavi Amma.
Gangadharan was an advocate and senior Congress leader. He was actively involved in political and social activities even from his student days. After studies, he started practice in Manjeri courts and entered into active politics through the Praja Socialist Party (PSP). He left PSP in 1962 and joined Indian National Congress. He was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly from Nilambur constituency, in a bye-election held on April 21, 1970. He was again elected to the Legislative Assembly from Nilambur (1970), from Ponnani (1977), sixth KLA from Pattambi (1980, 1982 and 2001) from Ponnani. Shri. Gangadharan also served as the Minister for Irrigation from 24-5-1982 to 12-03-1986 in the Ministry headed by Shri.K. Karunakaran. He also served as the Secretary of Congress Parliamentary Party, President, DCC, Malappuram, Member, KPCC Executive and AICC and Deputy Leader, Congress Parliamentary Party. He was also the Chairman of Kerala Water Authority and KTDC and had served as the Chief Editor of ‘Malabar today’ an evening daily. Shri. Gangadharan resigned his membership in the legislative assembly on 5.7.2005 and joined Democratic Indira Congress (Kerala) formed by K.Karunakaran, veteran congress leader and former Chief Minister of Kerala. Though Karunakaran rejoined Congress later, Gangadharan did not return. He passed away on October 31, 2011



Born in 1912.
Father: Unnickakam Vettil K.G.Velupillai.

Sri.V.Gangadharan was a veteran freedom fighter.  He was the Manager and Editor of Malayala Rajyam daily/weekly. He was elected as a member of Travancore Legislative Assembly from Quilon-Kottarakkara constituency and the Speaker of Legislative Assembly.  He visited Russia, Checkoslovakia, Finland etc. He became the General Secretary of Nair Service Society after Mannam relinquished charge. Important works: Indian Parliament, Gramaswaraj.


Born on October 31, 1931
Thirukarissi Gangadharan (Gangadharan Nair, V.) is a Malayalam language historian and a researcher of the ancient literary history of South Travancore. On completion of his degree he started his career as a teacher. Later he was appointed as a Lecturer in Training College. Subsequently, he was selected and appointed as the Sub-Editor of the Malayalam Lexicon. He took his Ph.D. in Malayalam literature in 1982. While the northern ballads gained much significance in the Malayalam literary field, Gangadharan concentrated on the features of southern ballads and brought out its importance and impacts in the literature. Venadinte Kadhagaanangal, Ulakudaperual Pattukadha, Puthariyankam, Thekken Kadhaganangal, Iravikkuttyppillapporu, Jeevathalangalude Pattukal, Sahithya Vismayangal are some of his important works.

Born in 1924 at Varkala.
Father: Govinda Pillai
Mother: SaraswathyuAmma G. K. Pillai is a theatre-turned-cinema-actor who has acted in more than 325 Malayalam films and known for his character and comedy roles in dramas, movies and TV serials. He had been active in theatre since 1960s and presented a handful of memorable roles in several dramas. Sneehaseema (1954) is his debut film. He won several awards including best character actor award, Film Fans Award, Prem Nazir Awar etc. Pillai also appeared in some television serials in the later years of his acting career. He passed away on 31 December 2021

Born on 10 May 1902.
Father: Padmanabha Kurup. 
Mother: Lekshmy Kunjamma.

Vennikkulam Gopala Kurup followed the footprints of Vallathol and enriched Malayalam poetry. His poems depicted the vision of Bharathavarsha, the spiritual divinity and fragrance.  These special features made him great. He translated Subramania Bharathi’s work from Tamil to Malayalam.  He won Sahithya Academy Award for his contributions. His important works are Kama surabhi, Swarna sadhya, Swarajya geetha. He was awarded D.Lit. by the Kanpur University. He died on 20 August 1980.

Born in 1929.
Father: Narayana Kaimal.
Mother: Gourikutty Amma.

Kidangoor Gopalakrishna Pillai was an expert administrator, an experienced and able organizer, great orator with unequal eloquence and leader of the community. He was an eminent Advocate who started practice since 1954. He was elected as the General Secretary of NSS in 1967and continued in the office for four terms consecutively. The period is considered as the golden era of NSS.
He was also served as the Member of Senate and Syndicate of Kerala University. He was nominated as Member of Guruvayoor Devaswam Management Committee. He was elected as the president of All Kerala Private College Management Association. He was the founder leader of National Democratic Party (NDP).  As a recognition for his talents he was appointed as the Indian High-Commissioner to Singapore. He died in 1995.


Born on 10th August, 1901.
Father: Sankara Pillai
Mother: Narayani AmmaGopala Pillai is a multifarious personality who marked his foot-prints in the history of Malayalam as a teacher, orator, poet, scholar, critic etc. After obtaining degree in Sanskrit in 1924, he joined as a tutor in the Government Sanskrit College. After his retirement in 1957, he was appointed as the first Chief Editor of Malayala Sarva Vinjanakosa (Complete Encyclopedia in Malayalam). He also served as the President of the Samastha Kerala Sahithya Parishad, Member of Kerala Sahithya Academy, Kendra Sahithya Academi. Manvasamskaram, Sree Budhadevan, Chinthadeepam, Kalpanasilpam, Divyadarsanam, Premasushama, Navamukulam are some of his important works. He translated the poem of Kumaranasan (Chinthavishtayaya Seetha), Rabindranatha Tagore (Geethanjali) and Ulloor (Premasangeetham) to Sanskrit. He passed away on June 10, 1968.


Born on 1915
V. R. Gopala Pillai was a Singaporean novelist writing in Malayalam under the pen name G.P. Njekkad. Pillai left Kerala for Singapore in 1947 to join as the Manager in Cathay Advertising Company in Singapore. He used to write short stories and satires even at his very younger age but many of them were not publised. His novels, though mostly set in Singapore and Malaysia appealed to Malayali readers. When his first novel was published1962, entitled Kaithapookal, it was set entirely in Kerala. This was followed by Maruppachakal, Vruthabhangam, Thapasu, Agniparvatham, Vazhiyariyathe, Aavarthanam, Chirakudal Chalanangal. He passed away in 1981.



Born in July 1904 at Kannur.
Father: Rairu Nambiar.

A.K.Gopalan, known as AKG was a national leader who was loved by the people all over India.  He maintained close relations with other political parties also.  AKG was a great man loved and respected by people belonging to different walks of life. He was one of the leaders of freedom movement. He joined Congress in 1927. He led Hunger Jatha against Madres Government in 1937. He was subjected to imprisonment for 16 years. Later he became one of the prominent leaders of the Communist Party of India. He stood with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) when Communist Party splitted.. AKG was the Member of Parliament from 1952 to 1977 and he was the Leader of Opposition in Parliament for several years. He was the volunteer captain of Guruvayoor Sathyagraha. He led innumerable struggles against Central Government as well as State Government for getting the just and legitimate rights of the common man protected. He always stood for the uplift of poor and down trodden of the society. He died on March 21, 1977.




Born in 1912
Father: M.P.Chathunni NairE.P.Goplan is a political leader of Kerala, who gave leadership in the peasant movement in the Malabar region. He entered politics by joining Indian National Congress and participated civil disobedience movement in 1930. In 1939 he joined Indian Communist Party. He was arrested and convicted for 21 months in 1939 for anti-war speech. Due to his political activism, he was detailed under DIR in 1945. When the Communist party was prohibited, he went underground during 1948 to 1951. He was elected to the Malabar District Board. He also served as the President of Karshaka Sangham. When the Communist Party faced split, Gopalan stood with the Communist Party of India. He was elected to the Kerala Legislative Assembly thrice in 1957, 1960 and 1977. He was the first non-official Chairman of the Agro-Industries Corporation. He passed away on 1st November 2001


Born in 1908
K.P. Gopalan was a senior Communist leader and a minister in the first ministry of Kerala State. He entered into politics through freedom struggle. He had been a volunteer in the Salt Satyagraha Jatha in 1930. Later, he joined the Communist Party in 1939. In an eventful political life spanning over four decades, he had been imprisoned several times, for more than 16 years. He was elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly in 1952, and had served as the Deputy Leader of Opposition in that Assembly. After the formation of Kerala State, K.P.Gopalan was elected as a member of the first Legislative Assembly in 1957, from Cannanore. He served as the Minister for Industries and Community Development in the EMS Namboodiripad Ministry. K.P.Gopalan held several party positions, during his long political career. He was the Secretary of North Malabar District Congress Committee, and the Secretary of Kerala Provincial Congress Committee, in 1934 and 1940. He had also served as the President of Kerala Trade Union Congress and Vice President of All India Motor Workers’ Union. He passed away on 20th April 1977.




Born on 8th June 1949
Father: Kunju Pillai
Mother: Kalyani
P.K.Gopi is a veteran poet of Malayalam and a lyricist. He authored more than 30 books in the streams of poetry, memoirs and children’s literature. He also wrote lyrics for more than 16 films. He won more numerous awards that include Kendra Sahithya Academy award, Sanjayan Award (Malayala Bhasha Paadashaala), Kambisseri Award, Bheema balasahitya award, Mahakavi P. Kunjiraman Nair Award, And Shakthi Award. His songs have been part of many successful professional dramas/serials/documentaries /stage performances in Malayalam. Many of his poems have been translated into English and various other Indian languages such as Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada. He also produced more than 35 albums in various branches of Malayalam songs such as light music, devotional, chorus etc. As a cultural activist in the contemporary Malayalam literary scenario, he also served as the President of Yuva Kala Sahithi and a member of Kerala Sahithya Academy
Kodiyettam GOPI (Gopinathan Velayudahan Nair)

Born on 2nd November 1937 at Chirayinkeezhu
Father: Velayudhan Pillai
Mother: Parvathyamma Nobody knows Gopinathan Velayudhan Nair but every person who speaks Malayalam knows Kodiyettam Gopi or Bharath Gopi. He was an eminent actor, producer and director. He was one of the first actors to be associated with what is known as “new-wage cinema movement” in Kerala during the 1970s.
After completing his degree course he was employed in the Kerala Electricity Board. His acting career began as a theatre actor at Prasadhana Little Theatres under G. Sankara Pillai. His first stage appearance was in the role of Raaghavan in the play Abhayarthikal. Later on, he became associated with Thiruvarange under Kaavalam Narayana Panicker. Gopi was an active volunteer of the Chitralekha Film Society, founded by internationally renowned film director Adoor Gopalakrishnan. He made his movie debut in Adoor's Swayamvaram in a small role. Later he had done a lead role in Adoor's next film, Kodiyettam (1977), a performance for which he won the National Award for Best Actor. It was after this film, he came to be known as ‘Kodiyettam Gopi’. He won many awards, including the National Film Award for Best Actor. He also produced a few films. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Shri. He authored two books based on his theatre experiences viz., Nataka Niyogam and Abhinayam Anubhavam, and the latter has won the National Film Award for Best Book on Cinema.
He passed way on 29th January 2008


Born on 24th April 1918 at Thiruvananthapuram
Father: P. K. Narayana Pillai ( Sahityapanchanan P. K. Narayana Pillai)
Mother: Parukutty AmmaT.N.Gopinathan Nair was a dramatist, novelist, poet, script-writer and biographer who wrote thirty nine plays, four novels, four poetry anthologies and five biographies. After graduation, he joined Malayalarajyam daily as a special correspondent. Later, he served as the editor of Malayalarajyam film magazine for a year before founding P. K. Memorial Press, named after his father, from where he published a magazine under the name, Sakhi and a daily by name, Veerakesari. In 1953, he turned to films and made his debut film, for which he wrote the story, screenplay and dialogues. Thereafter, he had been associating in various films till he joined the Thiruvananthapuram station of the All India Radio (AIR) as a director of plays. He served in AIR until his superannuation from service in 1975. He also served as a as a consultant to Akashvani and Doordarshan. He won the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for Drama. He passed away on 24th May 1999.


Born on April 10th, 1964
Father: Kunjunni Nair
Mother: Devaki AmmaGopinath Muthukad is a renowned magician. Apart from magic, he also marked his footprints as a successful Illusionist, mentor, escapologist and stunt performer. Muthukad was instilled the passion for magic inspired by the stories from his father about Vazhakunnam Namboothiri who was a great magician of Kerala. He was eager to learn magic from the age of seven. While undergoing his Law Degree course, he decided to accept magic as his profession and gave up legal studies. Since then he has been using ‘magic’ as a medium to spread virtuous ideals among the populace. In 1990, he began his first mission with the direction of the Government of Kerala, carrying a social message to spread the message of literacy. In 1995, he became the first magician in the world to perform an escape act in the style of Harry Houdini's act of 1904. In 1996, Muthukad established Asia’s first magic academy at Thiruvananthapuram. He is the first person from Kerala who has been recognized by the UNICEF, for promoting child right activities in Kerala. LIMCA Book of Records recorded his achievements in 2003. He also becomes the ‘first magician’ who is awarded with ‘Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy award’ in 1995. He also won Akshaya Puraskaaram, Prathibha Pranamam Honour by Kerala state government, and Celebrity Advocate title from UNICEF for promoting child rights Kerala State Sangeetha Nataka Akademi Fellowship etc.


Born on 3rd August 1899 Poonjar
Father: Father: Attukal Cherukara Sankaran Pandala
Mother: Kunjulekshmy Amma
Govinda Menon was the President of Nair Service Society from 1947 to 1952 consequent on the arrest of Mannam (who was the President of the NSS) for his participation in the freedom struggle. Though C.P.Ramaswamy Iyer, the then Dewan of Travancore persuaded Menon to pass a resolution by the N.S.S. supporting the establishment of independent state of Travancore and to accept a high position in the judiciary, he declined the offer and stood firmly against the idea of Dewan, He played a significant role in building up the educational institutions under the NSS management. Govinda Menon started his career as an Advocate in 1924. From 1925 onwards he associated with the N.S.S. He served as the President of Muttambalam NSS Karayogam and Kottayam Taluk NSS Union. In 1934 he was appointed as Government Pleader and retired as District Government Pleader in 1959. He also served as the President of Kottayam Bar Association, Kottayam Co-operative Bank, Kottayam Co-operative Union, Pournami Seva Sanghom, Kurichi Athurasramom Trust and Homeo Medical College, Iranjaal Devi Temple Trust etc. He passed away on 28th June 1977


Born on 15th April1906
Father: Gopalan Nair
Mother: Chinnu AmmaUllattil Govindankutty Nair is a Malayalam litterateur. After passing Vidwan examination he took teaching as his profession. He had profound knowledge in Sanskrit and Malayalam. Though he is well known as a critic of Malayalam literature, he wrote poetry, plays and essays. Throughout his literary career he had contributed reviews of contemporary works. In 1961 he won the title of Sahithya Nipuna . As a critic he was meticulous in the use of terminology. He is more concerned with presenting the thematic aspects of the works tan with detailed analysis. His reviews are free from caste, personal or ideological prejudices. He was the President of Sahithya Parishad in the year 1964. He used to write in his pen-name, Gokula Narayanan. His collections of criticism include Sahithyasanchaaram, Adhunikasahithyam, Bhashayum Gaveshanavum, Vicharadeepthy, Vicharachara, Ghantapatham, Kavyaaswadanam, Ruparekha etc. He passed away on 17th November 1966.


Born on 4th February 1903 at Thrikkardiri
Father: Unnikrishnan Nair
Mother: CherithammaV.K.Govindan Nair was a poet who is famous for his Mukthakas (single stanza poetry). On completion of his degree course, he joined as an employee in the Government Press at Madras (Chennai) and continued there for a long time. When Kerala state formed, he was transferred to Thiruvananthapuram and retired from service in 1958. It was after his retirement from official career that he started his literary works. His first collection of poetry was published in 1964 at his age of 60 years. Avilpothi, Bhadradepam, Muthukal, V.K.Govindan Nairude Krithikal are some of his important works. He won Kerala Sahithya Academi award. He passed away on 15th October 1977.

Born on 20th May 1849 at Thiruvananthapuram
Father: Pappu PillaiOn completion of BA degree in 1873, he joined as a school teacher in Thiruvananthapuram. Next year he was appointed as “Sambrathy” in the royal palace of Travancore. In 1879 he was promoted as “Valiya Karyakkar” of the palace, but he could not continue in royal service due to internal rivalries within the palace administration and he resigned. He then concentrated on the literary activities. He wrote Malayalam Bhasha Charitham, which is considered as the first history of Malayalam language, in 1881. Roman Charithram, Greece Charithram, Beejaganitham (in Malayalam) and A Hand Book of Travancore (in English) are some of his important works. He also served as the Editor of Kerala Chandrika, a literary monthly published from Thiruvananthapuram. Meanwhile, Pillai joined for law degree course and passed B.L. He also practiced as a Lawyer for some years. It was then he collected and published a compilation of judgments and regulations of the High Court of Travancore. He passed away on 13th February 1897.



Born on 23rd May 1926 at Pulluvazhi
Father: Parameswaran Pillai
Mother: Parukutty Amma
P. Govinda Pillai was an ideologue, eloquent orator, veteran leader of communist movement and journalist. After completing his B.A. (Hons.) degree from Mumbai, he Joined Quit India Movement and went underground till 1946.Later he joined communist party and served as a leader of youth movement. In 1951 he was elected as a member of Thiru-Kochi Legislative Assembly. He was also elected as a member of Kerala Legislative Assembly in 1967.Pillai had written and spoken widely on almost all subjects, especially on communist movement and culture. He also served as the Chairman of the Kerala Press Academy, Chairman of Kerala State Film Development Corporation and the founding Director of the Centre for Development of Imaging Technology. Marxum mooladhanavum, Isangalkkippuram, Marxist saundaryashastram- udbhavavum valarchayum, Bhudakaalavum Munvidhiyum, Frederik Engles – Snigdhanaya Sahakari Varishtanaya Viplavakari, EMS um Malayala Sahityavum, Kerala Navodhanam Oru Marxist VeekshanamMahabharatham Muthal Communism Vare , Mulkraj Muthal Pavanan Vare , Aagolavalkaranam Maadhyamam Samskaram , EMS Namboothiripad( Biography) Samskaravum navodhanavum, Kaattukadannal (Novel-Translation) are his important works. He passed away on 22nd November 2012.



Born in 1849 (ME 1024 Meenom 30).
Father: Attukal Cherukara Sankaran Pandala
Mother: Kalyani Amma.
Sri.Attukal Govinda Pillai was the second person who obtained BA degree holder of Travancore. He was District Judge, Peshkar, Law College Professor and High Court Judge. It was he who passed strong judgment on the matrilineal committee report of the Nair Regulation. He voiced and tried hard for revising the Nair Regulation Act.  The British Government awarded him the title “Diwan Bahadur”. He was President of Keraleeya Nair Samajam and Malayali Sabha. He started a school exclusively for boys belonging to Scheduled Caste. He had written about 20 books and translated Sakunthalam, Geethanjali, and plays of Sheksphere to Malayalam. He died in 1925.


Born on 23 December 1906.
Father: Krishna Kurup. 
Mother: Kunhikutty Amma.

Idasseri is poet who uses rustic images beautifully in his works. His younger days were of poverty and hence he was constrained to accept the job of an Advocate’s Clerk. Idasseri started writing poems at the early age of twelve. One of his best works is Poothappaattu, which connects the strange and the ordinary with finesse and loveliness. His other important works are Bimbisarante Idayan,  Orupidi Nellikka, Kavile Pattu. He won Kerala Sahitya Academy Award in 1969 and 1970.
Died on 14 October 1974


Born on December 10, 1910 at Pandalam.
Father: E.R.Narayanan Nair

M.N.Govindan Nair was one of the famous personalities who rose to the central leadership of the Communist Party of India.  He captured public attention through his selfless services in the capacity of the Secretary of Communist Party in Kerala, Member of Parliament and as a minister of Kerala. His scheme for providing one-lakh homes for poor was an example of his administrative expertise.  He set apart his life for the communist party and excelled himself as an expert organizer and restless worker.  He was also a Gandhian in every inch and associated himself with the work connected with the uplift of oppressed class. He fought against the corruption and atrocities in society.  He died in 1984.


Born in 1919 at Ponnani (Malappuram District).

M. Govindan was a post-communist thinker and writer - an illustrious poet and short story writer (stories like Sarppom, Raniyde Patti are famous). He was also known as the leader of neo-humanist movement in Malayalam and an ardent follower of M.N.Roy. He served as the Information Officer to the Government of Tamil Nadu (erstwhile Madras). He was the editor of Sameeksha, a journal that paved way to newer and radical thoughts. He also served as member of film censor board and several cultural organisations of the Government of India.  Communisathil Ninnum Munottu, Nee Manushyane Kollaruthu, Gnana Snanam are some of his major works.


Born on 22 August 1919 at Kayamkulam.
Father: P. Sankara Pillai. 
Mother: Sankari Amma.

Professor S.Guptan Nair was a person worthy of worship among the men of letters. He was a renowned literary critic, notable teacher, famous orator and blessed writer.  He possessed an extraordinary ability to speak fluently on any subject.  He excelled in classical music and in playing table tennis too. He won several awards for literature criticism.  He started his career as Lecturer. He was the Editor of Grandhalokam, a journal published by the Kerala Government and the editor of Malayali. Prof.Guptan Nair won the Ezhuthachan award instituted by the Government of Kerala.
He died on February 6, 2006.


Guru Balachandran Nair, also known as Satguru Dharamananda Swaroopa Hanuman Das, is one of the few surviving great masters of Kalaripayattu.His family was a warrior family and served the king and kingdom of Travancore. Guruji’s father, grandfather, and uncles all worked for the royal family. When the royal family and kingdom were gone, these warriors joined the military and continued to serve their country.He continued to learn discipline and the qualities of a warrior by serving in the Indian navy for 15 years. After his military service, he decided to continue the family tradition and teach the art of Kalaripayattu.Since then, Guruji has dedicated his whole life to preserving the martial art.Guruji’s training under the late Panniyodu Louis Gurukkal and Moolachal Narayanan Gurukkal has provided him the greatest of blessings. These Masters trace their lineage to the mighty sage Agastya. Through many years of discipline and devotion to them, he gained the knowledge of the Marmas, or vital points, of the human body. From his masters he also received ancient palm leafs and other manuscripts with treatments for virtually every known ailment, disability and injury. In this way he learned both the art of fighting as well as the art of healing.
He established the Indian School of Martial Arts at parasuvalkkalin Trivandrum in 1983. Later in 2003, he opened Kalariyil Dharmikam Ashram in Parasuvaikkal, Thiruvananthapuram, which is where he now resides.Guru plays many roles as a a guide, a philosopher, a father, and a friend. For all who come to Dharmikam, time spent in the presence of the guru forms a crucial and most precious part of their experience. Guruji passed away in 2023 http://www.dharmikam.com/sage-of-dharmikam-ashram


Born in 1883.
Father: Thoppil Parameswaran Pillai. 

Mother: Parvathy Amma.
Guru Chengannur Raman Pillai was a great preceptor of Kath Kali dance form and a king without crown in Kath Kali empire who shined in the field for more than six decades. He taught many students to perform Kath Kali dance and won several awards. Guruji passed away in 1980


Born on 24 July 1908.
Father: Sankara Pillai.
Mother: Madhaviamma.

Guru Gopinath propagated the special features of Kath Kali though out Kerala and made this art form more shining and lively.  He was a talented dancer and Kath Kali artist. He was the founder of Kerala Natanam, a new dance form. He established Viswakalakendram in Thiruvananthapuram. Famous dancers and cine artists Lalitha, Padmini and Ragini were his disciples. He won the award of Sangeetha Nataka Academy.  He is a talented writer also. His important works are Classical Dance, Kathakali Natanam, Abhinayamkuram, Abhinaya Prakashika.  
He passed away on 9 October 1987.


Born in 1881.

Guru Kunchukkurup was one of the renowned Kathakali artists who excelled himself as a performer and as a teacher, who adorned the status of a ‘Guru’ in the field of Kath Kali. He served as a teacher in Kerala Kalamandalam for several years.  He was fortunate to be the ‘Guru’ of dancers and actors who won national and international laurels including Smt. Mrinalini Sarabai, the internationally renowned dancer.  He won medal from the President of India. He was well versed in both the schools (southern and northern) of Kathakali. Government of India conferred Padmabhooshan award to him. He was a great performer of almost all types of Kath kali characters like Paccha, Kathi and Minukku. The most famous character performed by him was Nala. Mahaabali, Ravana, Keechaka and Arjuna were some of the famous characters performed by him. 
He passed away in 1973.
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